Steve Jobs स्टीव जाब्स
Steve Jobs was the co-founder and CEO of Apple and formerly Pixar.
Steve Jobs was born in San Francisco, California to Joanne Simpson and a Syrian father. Paul and Clara Jobs of Mountain View, California then adopted him. In 1972, Jobs graduated from Homestead High School in Cupertino, California and enrolled in Reed College in Portland, Oregon. One semester later, he had dropped out, later taking up the study of philosophy and foreign cultures.
Steve Jobs had a deep-seated interest in technology, so he took up a job at Atari Inc, then a leading manufacturer of video games. He struck a friendship with fellow designer Steve Wozniak and attended meetings of the “Homebrew Computer Club” with him.
After saving up some money, Jobs took off for India in the search of enlightenment. Once he returned, he convinced Wozniak to quit his job at Hewlett Packard to join him in his venture that concerned personal computers. They sold items like scientific calculators to raise the seed capital.
In 1976, Jobs and Wozniak founded Apple Computer in the Jobs family garage. The first personal computer was sold for $666.66. By 1980, Apple had already released three improved versions of the personal computer. It had a wildly successful IPO, which made both founders millionaires many times over.
A tiff with the Apple’s Board of Directors and John Scully led to Jobs’ resignation. Steve Jobs decided that he wanted to change the hardware industry. The company was called NeXTStep , which produced the NeXT Computer. The machine was a commercial washout but helped with future work in object-oriented programming, PostScript, and magneto-optical devices. Jobs returned to his original company after Apple acquired NeXT in 1996.
Steve Jobs also started Pixar, which has produced multiple blockbuster films, including Toy Story (1995); A Bug’s Life (1998); Toy Story 2 (1999); Monsters, Inc. (2001); Finding Nemo (2003); and The Incredibles (2004).
In 2004, Jobs was diagnosed with a malignant tumor in his pancreas, which was successfully treated.
Jobs resigned as CEO of Apple on August 24, 2011 and subsequently assumed the role of Chairman of the Board.
On October 5, 2011, Jobs passed away.
Quote 1: Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower.
In Hindi: नयी खोज एक लीडर और एक अनुयायी के बीच अंतर करती है.
Steve Jobs स्टीव जाब्स
Quote 2: Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma – which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of other’s opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.
In Hindi :आपका समय सीमित है, इसलिए इसे किसी और की जिंदगी जी कर व्यर्थ मत कीजिये. बेकार की सोच में मत फंसिए,अपनी जिंदगी को दूसरों के हिसाब से मत चलाइए. औरों के विचारों के शोर में अपनी अंदर की आवाज़ को, अपने इन्ट्यूशन को मत डूबने दीजिए. वे पहले से ही जानते हैं की तुम सच में क्या बनना चाहते हो. बाकि सब गौड़ है.
Quote 3: Design is not just what it looks like and feels like. Design is how it works.
In Hindi : डीजाइन सिर्फ यह नहीं है कि चीज कैसी दिखती या मह्शूश होती है . डिजाइन यह है कि चीज काम कैसे करती है.
Quote 4: Why join the navy if you can be a pirate?
In Hindi : जब आप समुद्री डांकू बन सकते है तो फिर नौसेना में जाने कि क्या ज़रुरत है?
Quote 5 :Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure – these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.
In Hindi : इस बात को याद रखना की मैं बहत जल्द मर जाऊँगा मुझे अपनी ज़िन्दगी के बड़े निर्णय लेने में सबसे ज्यादा मददगार होता है, क्योंकि जब एक बार मौत के बारे में सोचता हूँ तब सारी उम्मीद , सारा गर्व ,असफल होने का डर सब कुछ गायब हो जाता है और सिर्फ वही बचता है जो वाकई ज़रूरी है.इस बात को याद करना की एक दिन मरना है…किसी चीज को खोने के डर को दूर करने का सबसे अच्छा तरीका है.आप पहले से ही नंगे हैं.ऐसा कोई कारण नहीं है की आप अपने दिल की ना सुने.
Quote 6 :Be a yardstick of quality. Some people aren’t used to an environment where excellence is expected.”
In Hindi :गुणवत्ता का मापदंड बनिए.कुछ लोग ऐसे वातावरण के आदि नहीं होते जहाँ उत्कृष्टता की उम्मीद की जाती है.
Quote 7 :A lot of companies have chosen to downsize, and maybe that was the right thing for them. We chose a different path. Our belief was that if we kept putting great products in front of customers, they would continue to open their wallets.
In Hindi :कई कम्पनियों ने छंटनी करने का फैसला किया है,शायद उनके लिए ये सही होगा.हमने अलग रास्ता चुना है.हमारा विश्वास है कि अगर हम कस्टमर के सामने अच्छे प्रोडक्ट्स रखते रहेंगे तो वो अपना पर्स खोलते रहेंगे.
Quote 8 : To turn really interesting ideas and fledgling technologies into a company that can continue to innovate for years, it requires a lot of disciplines.”
In Hindi :दिलचस्प विचारों और नयी प्रौद्योगिकी को कम्पनी में परिवर्तित करना जो सालों तक नयी खोज करती रहे , ये सब करने के लिए बहुत अनुशाशन की आवश्यकता होती है.
Quote 9: You can’t just ask customers what they want and then try to give that to them. By the time you get it built, they’ll want something new.”
In Hindi : आप कस्टमर से यह नहीं पूछ सकते कि वो क्या चाहते हैं और फिर उन्हें वो बना के दें.आप जब तक उसे बनायेंगे तब तक वो कुछ नया चाहने लगेंगे.
Quote 10: …because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life.
In Hindi: …क्योंकि शायद मौत ही इस जिंदगी का सबसे बड़ा आविष्कार है.
Gulzar was born in a Kalra Arora Sikh family, to Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur, in Dina, Jhelum District, British India, in what is now Pakistan. Before becoming an established writer, Sampooran worked in Delhi as a car mechanic in a garage.
Sampooran Singh Kalra (born 18 August 1936), known popularly by his pen name Gulzar, is an Indian poet, lyricist and director. He primarily writes in Hindi-Urdu and has also written in Punjabi and several dialects of Hindi such as Braj Bhasha, Khariboli, Haryanviand Marwari. Gulzar was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2004 for his contribution to the arts and the Sahitya Akademi Award in 2002. He has won a number of National Film Awards and Filmfare Awards. In 2009, he won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Jai Ho" in the film Slumdog Millionaire (2008). On 31 January 2010, the same song won him a Grammy Award in the category of Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media.
As a lyricist, Gulzar is best known for his association with the music directors Rahul Dev Burman, A. R. Rahman and Vishal Bhardwaj. He has also worked with other leading Bollywood music directors including Sachin Dev Burman, Salil Chowdhury, Shankar Jaikishan,Hemant Kumar, Laxmikant-Pyarelal, Madan Mohan, Rajesh Roshan and Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy. Along with lyrics, he has also contributed in many films as script, story and dialogue writer. Films directed by him have also won numerous awards and have been critically acclaimed. He also had worked on small screen by creating series Mirza Ghalib and Tahreer Munshi Premchand ki among others. He wrote lyrics for several Doordarshan serials including Hello Zindagi, Potli Baba ki and Jungle Book.
Gulzar is best known in India as a lyricist for songs that form an integral part of Bollywood. He began his career under the directorsBimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee. Gulzar started his career as a songwriter with the music director Sachin Dev Burman for the movie Bandini (1963). Shailendra who has penned rest of the songs of the movie urged Gulzar to write the song "Mora Gora Ang Layle". This was picturised on Nutan. Gulzar's most successful songs as a lyricist came out from his association with Sachin Dev Burman's son Rahul Dev Burman, whom he described as the anchor in his life. Gulzar has had award-winning associations with the music directors Salil Chowdhury (Anand, Mere Apne), Madan Mohan (Mausam) and more recently with Vishal Bhardwaj(Maachis, Omkara, Kaminey), A. R. Rahman (Dil Se.., Guru, Slumdog Millionaire, Raavan) and Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy (Bunty aur Babli).
Gulzar was a song writer or dialogue writer for several Doordarshan programmes for kids such as Jungle Book, Alice in Wonderland, Guchche and Potli Baba Ki with Vishal Bhardwaj. He has more recently written and narrated for the children's audiobook series Karadi Tales. For the peace campaign (Aman ki Asha) jointly started by India's and Pakistan's leading media houses, he wrote the anthem "Nazar Main Rehte Ho", which was recorded by Shankar Mahadevan and Rahat Fateh Ali Khan. After writing dialogues and screenplay for films like Aashirwad, Anand, Khamoshi and more, Gulzar directed his first film Mere Apne(1971). The film was a remake of Tapan Sinha's Bengali film Apanjan(1969).
Meena Kumari played the lead role.Parichay and Koshish. Parichaywas based on a Bengali novel, Rangeen Uttarain by Raj Kumar Maitra and inspired from the Hollywood film The Sound of Music. Written by Gulzar, Koshish told a story full of struggle of a deaf-dumb couple. Sanjeev Kumar won National Film Award for Best Actor for his performance in it. Year 1973 saw his another directorial venture named Achanak. Inspired by the real-life sensational 1958 murder case KM Nanavati v State of Maharashtra, the story writer K.A. Abbas earned a Filmfare nomination for Best Story.
Gulzar's Aandhi, based on the Hindi novel "Kaali Aandhi" by Kamleshwar, told a story of a couple separated against the backdrop of politics. Along with various wins and nominations, the film also won Filmfare Critics Award for Best Movie. Although believed to be based on the life of Ex-Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, the film was based on life of Tarkeshwari Sinha. However in the 1975's emergency, the film was banned from theatres. Inspired from Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay's Pandit Mashay was his next filmKhushboo. Mausam that won National Award for 2nd Best Feature Film, Filmfare Best Movie and Filmfare Best Director awards, along with other six Filmfare nominations was loosely based on the story "Weather", from the novel, The Judas Tree, by A.J. Cronin.
Sharmila Tagore for her roles of Chanda and Kajli received The Silver Lotus Award at the 23rd National Film Festival. In his 1982's film Angoor. None of the Gulzar's film were "Blockbuster Hits" on the Indian Box Office. His films told stories of human relationships entangled in social issues. Libaas was a story of extra-marital affair of an urban couple. Due to its objectionable subject the film never got released in India. Mausam pictured a story of a father who tries to improve the life of his prostitute-daughter. In Maachis, a young Punjabi boy pick up to terrorism to fight the situations only to realize its temporary nature. Hu Tu Tu dealt with corruption in India and how a man decides to fight it. Gulzar uses "flashback" in the narration of his stories very effectively (Aandhi, Mausam, Ijaazat, Machis, Hu Tu Tu). He also has mutual partnerships with various actors and other crew.
The Gulzar - Sanjeev Kumar partnership resulted in few fine films (Koshish, Aandhi, Mausam, Angoor, Namkeen) which represent Sanjeev Kumar's finest work as an actor. Actors like Jeetendra (Parichay, Khushboo, Kinara), Vinod Khanna (Achanak, Meera, Lekin) and Hema Malini (Khushboo, Kinara, Meera) worked with Gulzar to gain respectability as artists and delivered some of their best and most introspective work in films. With his situational lyrics and quality music composed by various famous Bollywood musicians in Gulzar's films, his songs have always been the key point. R D Burman composed songs for almost all the movies directed by him in the 1970s and the 1980s (Parichay, Khushboo, Aandhi, Angoor, Ijaazat, Libaas). Many of their popular songs were sung by Kishore Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle.
These include "Musafir Hoon Yaron" (Parichay), "Tere Bina Zindagi Se Koi" (Aandhi), "Mera Kuch Samaan" (Ijaazat), and "Tujhse Naaraz Nahi Zindagi" (Masoom). Guljar says , "Music has a natural place in our lives. Right from the shloka you recite in your morning puja and the milkman who comes whistling on his cycle, to the fakir singing as he begs for alms and your mother humming around the kitchen...Music fills our spaces naturally. It will always be dear to us."
Although an Urdu writer, Gulzar's directorial venture shows inspiration from various Bengali writers. In 1988, he directed an eponymous television serial Mirza Ghalib starringNaseeruddin Shah, shown on Indian television channel Doordarshan. About the serial he says,
Gulzar is married to actress Raakhee. They have a daughter, Meghna Gulzar, who is a film director. Gulzar and Raakhee separated (but never divorced) when Meghna was one year old. Meghna penned a biography of Gulzar titled Because He Is....
With the end of the lines of his poetry;
pataa chal gayaa hai ke ma.nzil kahaa.N hai
chalo dil ke lambe safar pe chale.ngelata safar khatm kar de.nge ham to vahii.n par
jahaa.N tak tumhaare kadam le chale.nger mjhe chhuu rahii hai.n terii garm saa.Nse.
mere raat aur din mahakane lage hai.n terii narm saa.Nso.n ne aise chhuuaa hai.n
ke mere to paao.n bahakane lage hai.
Chhatrapati Shivaji founded the Hindu kingdom in the Deccan against all odds, fighting against the mighty Mughals.He inspired and united the common man to fight against the tyranny of Mughal ruler Aurangjeb, by inculcating a sense of pride and nationality in them.
At the age of 16, he took a pledge to establish a sovereign Hindu state. He clearly an outstanding all the rulers and generals of India by the exemplary life he lived and is thus respected by the entire cross section of Indians. Shivaji’s military skills could be compared to those of Napolean.
He raised a strong army and navy, constructed and repaired forts, used guerrilla warfare tactics, developed a strong intelligence network, gave equal treatment to the people from all religions and castes based on merit, and functioned like a seasoned Statesman and General. He appointed ministers with specific functions such as Internal security, Foreign affairs, Finance, Law and Justice,Religious matters, Defence etc.
The history of India is incomplete without the history of Marathas and Shivaji is the nucleus of Maratha history. Shivaji has been a source of inspiration and pride to the past generations and will continue to inspire generations in future. We salute this legend and humbly dedicate this website to him.
Words of Wisdom by Chhatrapati Shivaji:
Andhar Far Jala ,Ata Diva Pahije, Afjalkhan Far jale, Ata ek Jijaucha Shiva Pahije, shatkanchya yadnyatun Uthali Ek Jwala, Dhaha Dishanchya tejatun, Arunoday Jahala. “Jai Bhavani Jai Shivaji.”
Shivaji Quote in Marathi
आमच्याबद्दल आम्हालाच काय विचारता आमच्याबद्दल विचारायचे असेल तर विचारा सह्याद्रीच्या कड्याकपारींना, खणखनणार्या तलवारीना, अरबी सागराला, मराठी मनाला, आणि पाणी पितानाही शिवाजी महाराज दिसले म्हणून चार पावले मागे फिरणार्या मोगलांच्या घोड्याना.. जय भवानी जय शिवाजी !!!!!!!!!
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